Increasing Network Lifetime in an Energy-Constrained Wireless Sensor Network

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

International Journal of Sensor Networks (IJSNET) (2012)

Abstract:

Energy in Wireless Sensor Networks is a scarce resource, therefore an energy-efficient management is required to increase the network lifetime. In this paper, we study the problem of optimal power allocation, taking into account the estimation of total signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) at the Fusion Center (FC). We consider that nodes transmit their data to the Fusion Center over quasi-static Rayleigh fading channels (QSRC). In order to analyze our approach, we will investigate first the orthogonal channels, and secondly the non-orthogonal ones introducing a virtual MISO in the communication. We consider in both cases that the nodes have Channel State Information (CSI). Simulations that have been conducted using these two channel configurations show that, thanks to our new algorithm, the network lifetime is extended by an average that can reach 82,80% compared to the network lifetime in the other methods.

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