Energy Consumption in Multi-user MIMO Systems: Impact of User Mobility

Publication Type:

Conference Paper


ICASSP, Florence, Itlaly (2014)


In this work, we consider the downlink of a single-cell multiuser multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) system in which zero forcing precoding is used at the base station (BS) to serve a certain number of user equipments (UEs). A fixed data rate is guaranteed at each UE. The UEs move around in the cell according to a Brownian motion, thus the path losses change over time and the energy consumption fluctuates accordingly. We aim at determining the distribution of the energy consumption. To this end, we analyze the asymptotic regime where the number of antennas at the BS and the number of UEs grow large with a given ratio. It turns out that the energy consumption converges in distribution to a Gaussian random variable whose mean and variance are derived analytically. These results can, for example, be used to approximate the probability that a battery-powered BS runs out of energy within a certain time period.

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