Flexible Cognitive Small-cells for Next Generation Two-tiered Networks

Publication Type:



Marco Maso


Supélec (2013)


In the last decade, cellular networks have been characterized by an ever-growing user data demand. This caused increasing capacity shortfall and coverage issues, aggravated by inefficient fixed spectrum management policies and obsolete network structures. From a practical point of view, novel technical and architectural solutions have been proposed to frame next generation cellular networks, capable of meeting the identified target performance to satisfy the user data demands. Specifically, new spectrum management policies based on the so-called dynamic spectrum access (DSA), together with hierarchical approaches to network planning, where a tier of macro base stations is underlaid with a tier of massively deployed low-power small base stations, are seen as promising candidates to achieve this scope. The resulting two-tiered network layout may improve the capacity of current networks in several ways, thanks to a better average link quality between the devices, a more efficient usage of spectrum resources and a potentially higher spatial reuse. In this thesis, we focus on the challenging problem arising when the two tiers share the transmit band, to capitalize on the available spectrum and avoid possible inefficiencies. In this case, the coexistence of the two tiers is not feasible, if suitable interference management techniques are not designed to mitigate/cancel the mutual interference generated by the active transmitters in the network. This thesis is divided in three main parts, and proposes a rather exhaustive approach to the development of new DSA and interference management techniques, to go from the theoretical basis up to a proof-of-concept development.