Fractional Pilot Reuse in Massive MIMO Systems

Publication Type:

Conference Paper


ICC , London, UK (2015)


Pilot contamination is known to be one of the main impairments for massive MIMO multi-cell communications. In- spired by the concept of fractional frequency reuse and by recent contributions on pilot reutilization among non-adjacent cells, we propose a new pilot allocation scheme to mitigate this effect. The key idea is to allow users in neighboring cells that are closest to their base stations to reuse the same pilot sequences. Focusing on the uplink, we obtain expressions for the overall spectral efficiency per cell for different linear combining techniques at the base station and use them to obtain both the optimal pilot reuse parameters and the optimal number of scheduled users. Numerical results show a remarkable improvement in terms of spectral efficiency with respect to the existing techniques.